Succulent crops have uncommon shapes, wealthy textures, diversified colours, and showy blooms that make a dramatic influence in any container or backyard setting.
Picture by Allison Sidhu.
They don’t seem to be a singular floral household, however numerous members of quite a few plant teams. What they’ve in widespread is their water-retaining, fleshy leaves and stems.
The cactus is one kind with which you’re in all probability acquainted, however there are masses extra!
Pot up some favorites to winter over or share with mates, like striped Haworthia; stone-like Lithops; and plump, clustered Sedum. Picture by Allison Sidhu.
And don’t fear about your USDA Hardiness Zone. Whether or not you develop them as annuals within the backyard or in pots, there’s one thing for everybody to like.
Right here’s what’s in retailer:
The Greatest Simple-Care Unique Succulents
Containers for Indoors or Outside
I am keen on miniature succulents grouped in pots. They remind me of the unique sea lifetime of a coral reef, and I by no means get uninterested in admiring and fussing over them.
Quite a lot of succulents together with a finger-like Senecio, blooming Graptopetalum, rosette of Aeonium, and red-tinged Crassula fills a patio container. Picture by Allison Sidhu.
These little varieties are excellent for me as a result of it’s too chilly to depart them outdoors right here within the Northeast. In the event you like bigger varieties, simply use containers on wheels and convey them out and in as you want.
You too can sow instantly within the backyard in spring, and for those who’re in a frost zone, your flora will merely die out when winter comes. Nevertheless, in contrast to typical summer season annuals, you’ll be able to dig these up, pot them, and luxuriate in them indoors by way of the winter.
Jade, Aeonium, and Sempervivum type a texturally wealthy and colourful sidewalk border. Picture by Allison Sidhu.
A fair simpler option to protect your favorites is to propagate your personal crops by taking a small slicing of every to root indoors. By summer season, you’ll have small crops to take out to the backyard.
Some succulents are perennials. My Sempervivum and Sedum face up to laborious frosts and return 12 months after 12 months, spreading to type dense carpets of curiosity in former “downside areas” tormented by dry, sandy soil.
Keep tuned! We’ve bought eleven eye-catching species simply begging for pots in your patio and have placements amongst your annuals and perennials.
Eleven Species to Love
The next eleven succulents are available in an enormous array of species, subspecies, and cultivars of various colours, shapes, and textures. From geometric to curvaceous, subtly tinged to boldly striped, they provide an abundance of visually thrilling flora with which to design containers and gardens.
Aeonium, aka houseleek, bears showy rosettes. The stems might turn into woody, and a few species might exceed three toes in top. It grows open air year-round in zones 9 to 11.
Picture by Allison Sidhu.
Flowers seem from late winter into spring and are often yellow or white. They could be tall, multi-blossomed cones or diffuse drifts of tiny blooms.
Aeoniums are monocarpic, which means they die after flowering. However don’t despair! They produce offsets that reside on after the mother or father’s demise.
Black rose Aeonium, A. arboreum ‘Zwartkop,’ is a widely known cultivar with shiny leaves which can be an virtually black shade of burgundy. One other, A. arboreum ‘Kiwi,’ has red-tinged chartreuse leaves, and stalks that high out at two toes.
Showy decorative specimens like these add construction, shade, texture, and an alluring and distinctive taste to a set of ornamental containers and backyard groupings.
10 Beautiful Succulent Cuttings from Fats Vegetation San Diego
An fascinating number of 10 cuttings, together with Aeonium, is out there on Amazon.
Aeonium ‘Kiwi’ Starter Plant
You might also prefer to buy an A. arboreum ‘Kiwi’ starter plant in a 2.5-inch pot, additionally out there on Amazon.
Evergreen medicinal aloe, or Aloe vera, grows year-round in zones 10 to 12, the place it reaches a top of as much as two toes and produces yellow blossoms in summer season.
It does greatest in full solar however might tolerate a little bit of shade, and prefers sandy, well-drained soil. As with most succulents, this one advantages from watering when it dries out throughout progress and bloom intervals, though it tolerates drought properly.
A. vera’s rosettes of spiky, variegated inexperienced and white leaves look enticing in pots which may be moved indoors for the winter. However understand that when grown as a houseplant, aloe seldom blooms.
The sap of the fleshy leaves has been prized by healers for hundreds of years, and is a staple ingredient in lots of business lotions.
There are various subspecies of aloe, together with tiger aloe, A. variegata. This selection can tolerate extra shade, grows to a couple of foot in top, and has pink flowers that bloom from winter into spring. It’s hardy in zones 9 to 11.
Three Mature Aloe Vera Vegetation in 4-inch Pots from JM Bamboo
A. vera is out there on Amazon in packages of three 8-inch crops in 4-inch pots.
The Crassula genus consists of the shiny, darkish green-leaved jade plant, C. ovata, which you will acknowledge out of your grandma’s home. It’s lengthy been a well-liked houseplant.
This genus additionally consists of the matte-finished, red-tinged silver jade plant, C. arborescens.
Crassula is an easygoing possibility that tolerates virtually any soil, offered it’s well-draining. It prefers full solar however tolerates some shade, and is a vigorous grower that thrives open air year-round in zones 11 and 12.
Silver jade plant, C. arborescens, in a trendy silver pot. Picture by Allison Sidhu.
Left to its personal units in pots or gardens, this gem might attain a shrubby 5 or 6 toes tall with branching trunks and fleshy, paddle-like leaves.
Use its towering presence as a linear point of interest to attract the attention upward, creating drama in a container or backyard mattress.
Crassula grown in pots of manageable measurement profit from contemporary potting every spring, and a top-up of acceptable cactus/succulent soil. No fertilizer is required, however you could sparingly apply a slow-release kind if desired.
Crassula Ovata in 6-Inch Pot from JM Bamboo
Indoor crops seldom bloom, however open air, count on clusters of tiny white or pink blossoms from late fall into early winter.
Jade plant, C. ovata, is out there on Amazon in 6-inch pots.
Crassula Arborescens Stay Plant
Silver jade plant, C. arborescens, is out there on Amazon in 3.5-inch pots.
The Echeveria genus is giant and diversified, and infrequently serves (typically erroneously) as a catch-all class for any rosette of unsure definition. It’s a part of the stonecrop household, Crassulaceae.
Echeveria rosettes characterize this group’s wide range.
Species exhibit a basic rosette form, and an astounding array of leaf attributes.
Evergreen leaves are available in a palette of hues, and flowers of all colours perch atop delicate stems. Hardy in zones 9 to 12, Echeveria will do properly potted up in any area.
Present full solar to half shade and sandy, well-drained soil. Fertilizer shouldn’t be essential, however for those who should, use a low-nitrogen, slow-release selection. And whenever you water, sprinkle the soil, not the leaves, to guard the waxy coating and inhibit rotting.
Relying upon the variability, it might be a low-growing groundcover or a saucer-sized rosette on a two-foot stalk.
You could prune leggy crops and root the cuttings. Some folks “behead,” these, chopping a complete rosette from a leggy stem. With luck, the stem will proceed to develop, and the reduce rosette will root efficiently.
Usually, whenever you order succulents on-line, you’ll obtain a mixture of unidentified cuttings or small specimens. Typically, a minimum of one is an Echeveria.
Echeveria, contemporary out of the supply field. Picture by Allison Sidhu.
However how are you going to inform?
I take the recommendation of Patrick Grubbs of Elegant Succulents. Echeveria are sometimes mistaken for Sempervivum as a result of each are rosette-shaped, and produce offsets of mother or father crops that unfold densely.
Some people attempt to differentiate them by:
- Texture – Echeveria is rarely furry, however Sempervivum could also be.
- Plumpness – Echeveria leaves are often thick, Sempervivum could also be skinny.
- Blossoming Type – Echeveria ship up slender stems, and Sempervivum blossoms rise from an elongated rosette.
Maybe the easiest way to inform is to see if it may possibly face up to frost.
In the event you’re in a chilly zone like me, take cuttings of your favorites to pot up, and depart the remainder outdoors for the winter. If the latter come up once more within the spring, they’re not Echeveria, however Sempervivum!
In any other case, watch what occurs at bloom time.
Echeveria is polycarpic, which means it flowers and lives on after the blooms fade. Sempervivum, alternatively, is monocarpic, flowering after which dying, leaving its offsets to hold on.
Three Echeveria in 3-Inch Pots
One kind of Echeveria that’s typically mistaken for Sempervivum is E. glauca, generally often known as blue hen and chicks. It produces slender-stalked blossoms of yellow with crimson accents from spring into summer season.
An assortment of three Echeveria in 3-inch pots is out there on Amazon.
Graptopetalum is a genus of rosettes that develop as perennials in zones 7 to 11. Additionally members of the Crassulaceae household, ghost plant, G. paraguayense, is one in every of quite a few species.
Ghost plant, G. paraguayense, in full bloom. Picture by Allison Sidhu.
In full solar, leaves are faintly pink, however partially shade they tackle a gray-green hue.
Graptopetalum grows properly in sandy, well-drained soil with little moisture, however appreciates watering when it dries out utterly throughout progress and bloom occasions.
When it’s grown open air in spring, tiny white star-like flowers with crimson accents type on slender stalks.
It is a rambler, so rocky hillsides and hanging pots are excellent planting places. Nevertheless, permitting it free vary might make it scraggly. Prune off leggy stalks for a extra compact look.
Not like evergreen succulents, Graptopetalum drops leaves. Whereas a bit of messy, the leaves take root very simply, making for a number of the best self-propagation ever.
10 G. Paraguayense Cuttings from Fats Vegetation San Diego
In the event you’re rising it in a dangling container, merely place a big catch-all pan of cactus/succulent potting medium beneath it to catch what falls.
G. paraguayense cuttings are out there on Amazon in packages of ten.
Haworthia is an elongated, fleshy rosette that resembles aloe. Wart-like bands of white on darkish evergreen leaves give a mottled look to H. margaritifera, and a striped look to zebra plant, H. fasciata.
Zebra plant, H. fasciata, shares a pot with sedum. Picture by Allison Sidhu.
There are quite a few species on this household, some with leaves so plump and glossy they’re match to burst. It thrives in full solar and sandy, well-drained soil. Water and apply a diluted or slow-release fertilizer throughout progress and bloom intervals.
Most Haworthia rosettes stay shorter than six inches in top, however flower stalks might rise a foot or extra above the bottom leaves.
Haworthia Assortment of 5 Vegetation from JM Bamboo
Develop this succulent open air year-round in zones 9 to 11, or in containers which may be moved indoors for winter. Verify houseplants in spring, and repot as wanted to take care of enough house for increasing and multiplying rosettes.
A group of 5 assorted Haworthia in three-inch pots is out there on Amazon.
I feel Lithops, typically known as dwelling stones, is among the most uncommon succulents. The one you’re prone to discover on the market is L. bella.
Dwelling stone, or Lithops, is at dwelling in a container with pebble-topped soil and different varieties. Picture by Allison Sidhu.
Within the wild it grows principally underground, exposing solely the guidelines of its leaves to soak up what little moisture is out there.
Topping out at about an inch and a half, it shows the colour striations and clean surfaces of rock, betrayed solely by the plush, white or yellow daisy-like flowers that emerge from its fissured middle.
Develop lithops in shallow pots, or within the backyard the place it spreads densely, creating an earthy, textural mosaic of browns, greens, and blues. It craves gravelly, well-drained soil and full solar, and could also be loved year-round in zones 10 and 11.
Lithops Dwelling Stone Stay Vegetation
The water necessities for this selection are low. Throughout winter dormancy, it requires virtually none. Nevertheless, through the emergence of recent leaves and/or flowers, water every time the well-drained cactus/succulent potting medium or gritty soil dries out utterly.
Lithops is out there on Amazon in 3-inch pots.
Portulaca grandiflora, generally often known as moss rose, is an annual that thrives on neglect.
Moss rose, P. grandiflora, trails over the rim of a dangling pot.
Give it full solar and room to roam, and it’ll tolerate even the driest of soils. This half-hardy annual can’t tolerate the chilly, so begin seeds indoors in early spring and sow seedlings outdoors after the hazard of frost has handed.
Ideally suited lodging embrace gritty, well-drained soil, and water solely when leaves droop.
In return, count on a number of shiny, showy blooms that boast single or double rows of petals in a spread of colours from yellow to scorching pink. Slender, fleshy leaves resemble pine needles and develop on trailing stems which can be pretty in hanging pots and rock gardens.
This flower is one in every of my childhood favorites, and is commonly neglected by “severe” gardeners. It’s a enjoyable plant for youths as a result of except they kill it with kindness, à la an excessive amount of water, it’s virtually foolproof.
Double Combine Portulaca Seeds
There are quite a few cultivars which bloom profusely from June by way of September. No fertilizer is required.
Portulaca is meant for the backyard or out of doors containers, the place it can reside for one season. It isn’t a houseplant.
Combined double Portulaca seeds are out there from True Leaf Market. They develop as annuals in zones 5 to 11 and are excellent for containers.
One other Portulaca with which you will be acquainted is P. oleracea, or widespread purslane. That is an edible wildflower with succulent leaves and tiny yellow flowers that has naturalized within the US from unknown historic origins.
Like me, you could discover it sprawling in naked floor in your panorama. And, whereas many name it a weed and contemplate it to be a nuisance, purslane is actually a helpful groundcover that’s wealthy in nutritious omega-Three fatty acids!
Please observe: Aside from the above-mentioned purslane, P. oleracea, the succulent crops mentioned listed here are for decorative use solely as they might comprise toxins which can be dangerous if ingested. And watch out when foraging, since many widespread edible crops have probably poisonous lookalikes.
Sedum is an expansive flowering succulent selection, one other genus belonging to the massive Crassulaceae household.
Sometimes called stonecrop, some are evergreen perennials that can develop to be two toes tall, like S. spectabile ‘Autumn Pleasure,’ with its eye-catching deep pink flowers that bloom from late summer season by way of fall.
Others, like coppertone sedum, S. nussbaumeranum, are low-growing perennial groundcovers that add tons of textural curiosity with their quirky shapes and hues, with occasional frothy white flower clusters.
Fiery coppertone sedum, S. nussbaumeranum. Picture by Allison Sidhu.
Sedum thrives in full solar in sandy, well-drained soil. Its fleshy leaves and stems are superb water reservoirs, so solely water when the soil is bone dry. It would tolerate some shade, however its desire is to take pleasure in shiny daylight.
S. Nussbaumerianum in 2.5-Inch Pots
Coppertone stonecrop, S. nussbaumeranum is out there on Amazon in 2.5-inch pots. Every ought to attain a top of Eight to 12 inches.
S. Spectabile ‘Autumn Pleasure’
S. spectabile ‘Autumn Pleasure’ is out there from Nature Hills Nursery in #1 containers of roughly 2.Three to three.7 quarts.
S. Spurium ‘Dragon’s Blood’ Seeds
S. spurium ‘Dragon’s Blood’ seeds are out there from True Leaf Market in packages of 1000. Vegetation high out at Four to six inches with starburst blooms of vivid pink, and are perennial in zones Three to 9.
Intently associated to sedum is Sempervivum. Its perennial, evergreen rosettes are the mainstay of rock gardens in zones Three to six, and infrequently all the best way to zone 8.
That is one in every of my favorites right here in northeast Pennsylvania, with an array of decisions starting from one to 12 inches in top.
S. tectorum hen with chicks. Picture by Allison Sidhu.
Maybe the perfect identified is S. tectorum, aka hen and chicks, or houseleek (additionally a standard identify of Aeonium). It’s exceptional for the proliferation of tiny replicas of itself that mature and unfold densely.
That is a helpful and enticing groundcover alternative for dry downside areas, like these alongside suburban sidewalks. It’s additionally a well-liked choice for roof gardens and rock partitions.
One other is S. arachnoideum, the cobweb model of hen and chicks.
White filaments cowl the highest of every rosette as if a spider was busy spinning many, many webs. There’s all the time one thing funky to search out with succulents!
Sempervivum thrives on neglect, and requires virtually no watering. Merely present sandy, well-drained soil and full solar, and it’s in its factor. In the event you backyard in a northern local weather, apply some mulch in early fall for an added layer of heat.
Sempervivum Seeds, Hardy Combination
Understand that Sempervivum is monocarpal, and every hen dies after flowering. Nevertheless, its chicks keep it up from there.
Seeds are out there from True Leaf Market in packages of 1,000.
The Senecio genus is a big one that features blue chalk stick, S. serpens, and string of pearls, S. rowleyanus. Each species do properly in full solar to partial shade, with sandy, well-drained soil and minimal water.
A leggy blue chalk stick, S. serpens, reveals some indicators of overwatering and low gentle, and mingles with ghost plant, G. paraguayense. Picture by Allison Sidhu.
In a pot, string of pearls cascades in jewel-laden vines. On the bottom, it makes a dense masking, as creeping stems root themselves.
Whereas the flowers are tiny, they’re aromatic, long-lasting, and placing, with lengthy stamens protruding from white blossoms. This uncommon selection might attain as much as two toes in size.
String of pearls is ideal for hanging planters.
Get pleasure from string of pearls year-round within the backyard in zones 9 to 12. In the event you pot it, refresh the pot every spring, rising in measurement as wanted, topping up with contemporary cactus/succulent potting medium, and a diluted or modest software of low-release fertilizer as desired.
An excessive amount of fertilizer might make some succulents leggy when they need to be compact, so over-fertilizing ought to be averted.
If a plant turns into root sure, or very outdated, it might be greatest to take cuttings and begin contemporary.
Senecio Rowleyanus in 4-Inch Pots
String of pearls, S. rowleyanus, is out there on Amazon in 4-inch pots.
Blue chalk stick produces dusky blue finger-like leaves and stretches to a foot in size if given the chance. To maintain it extra compact, prune off leggy stems and root them for those who like.
Develop it year-round within the backyard in zones 10 and 11, and luxuriate in tuft-like, yellowish aromatic blossoms in spring.
2 Senecio Mandraliscae in 2.5-Inch Pots
Blue chalk stick is a bit temperamental with regards to propagation. We haven’t had a lot luck in my household. You could attempt dipping a contemporary, moist leaf or leaf/stem slicing right into a powdered rooting hormone earlier than putting it into sandy, well-drained cactus/succulent potting medium, or gritty soil.
Blue chalk stick, S. serpens ‘Mandraliscae,’ is out there on Amazon. You’ll obtain two 2.5-inch pots.
Feed Your Ardour
With so many succulents to select from, you’re positive to discover a new favourite (or two, or ten…) on our checklist. And also you’re able to plant, now that you understand a bit of extra concerning the specifics on every.
For extra of our high tricks to turn into a succulent gardening professional, remember to try our skilled information!
6 Succulents in 4-Inch Pots from Fats Vegetation San Diego
In the event you resolve that you just ordered a number of too many, otherwise you discovered a sale on the native backyard middle and went a bit of loopy (we are able to’t blame you), why not give some away as occasion favors at your subsequent get-together? (Right here’s a combined number of six that’s out there on Amazon that may be excellent for this…).
Don’t hesitate to leap into the superb world of rising succulent crops. Will you add a number of to your houseplant assortment on the kitchen windowsill, or will you go all in with a rock backyard stuffed with perennial Sempervivum and Sedum? We are able to’t wait to listen to all about your new backyard ardour within the feedback part under!
Pictures by Allison Sidhu © Ask the Specialists, LLC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. See our TOS for extra particulars. Product pictures by way of Fats Vegetation San Diego, Mabes Warehouse, JM Bamboo, Iniloplant, Hirt’s Gardens, South Texas Succulents, True Leaf Market, Nature Hills Nursery, CTS Air Vegetation. Uncredited pictures: Shutterstock. With extra writing and enhancing by Allison Sidhu.
About Nan Schiller
Nan Schiller is a author with deep roots within the soil of southeastern Pennsylvania. Her background consists of panorama and floral design, a BS in enterprise from Villanova College, and a Certificates of Advantage in floral design from Longwood Gardens. An advocate of natural gardening with native crops, she’s all the time bought grime beneath her nails and freckles on her nostril. With wit and hopefully some knowledge, she shares what she’s discovered and is all the time able to dig into a brand new mission!